Pdf Nationalism And The Narcissism Of Minor Differences Michael Ignatieff

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The narcissism of small differences German : der Narzissmus der kleinen Differenzen is the thesis that communities with adjoining territories and close relationships are especially likely to engage in feuds and mutual ridicule because of hypersensitivity to details of differentiation. In language differing only slightly from current psychoanalytic terminology, Crawley declared that each individual is separated from others by a taboo of personal isolation, a narcissism of minor differences.

Can we talk about the rise of nationalism as following a constantly increasing linear trajectory, or does it experience fluctuations? Can we speak about one kind of new nationalism that has become characteristic of the global era?

Access options available:. The conversation takes place in eastern Croatia in the village of Mirkovci "place of peace". Attempting to engage the soldier in a multicultural debate, Ignatieff asks him how he is different from a Croat. To the author's evident satisfaction, the answer corroborates Freud's theory of the "narcissism of small differences," and Ignatieff's own view that this is, in fact, the moving force behind the Balkan fratricide.

Cultural Critique

Reviewing the sudden spasm of violence between the Uzbek minority and the Kyrgyz majority in Kyrgyzstan recently, many commentators were at a loss to explain why the two peoples should so abruptly have turned upon one another. Explanations range from official pandering to Kyrgyz nationalism, to sheer police and army brutality, to provocations from Taliban-style militias hoping to create another Afghanistan, but none go very far in analyzing why intercommunal relations became so vicious so fast.

As if to make the question still more opaque, several reports stressed the essential similarity — ethnic, linguistic, cultural — between the Kyrgyz and Uzbek populations. But that in itself could well be the explanation. In numerous cases of apparently ethno-nationalist conflict, the deepest hatreds are manifested between people who — to most outward appearances — exhibit very few significant distinctions.

Visit Punjab and see if you can detect the remotest difference in people on either side of the border. Language, literature, ethnic heritage, physical appearance — virtually indistinguishable. Here it is mainly religion that symbolizes the narcissism and makes the most of the least discrepancy. After a while, I thought I could guess with a fair degree of accuracy, but most of the inhabitants of Belfast seemed able to do it by some kind of instinct.

There is a small underlay of ethnic difference there, with the original Gaels being a little darker and smaller than the blonder Scots who were imported as settlers, but to the outsider it is impalpable. Likewise in Cyprus, it is extremely hard to tell a Greek from a Turk. The two peoples have been on the same island for so long that they even suffer from a common sickle-cell blood disease called thalassemia. I once interviewed a doctor who specialized in the malady, and he solemnly told me that, from a blood sample, it was not possible to tell if the donor was Greek or Turkish.

I had to stop myself from asking him if he had hitherto thought that different nationalities were made out of different genetic material. There have been almost no recorded cases of intermarriage between Greek and Turkish Cypriots, and the island remains sternly partitioned. Very often, the expressed hatred took the form of extremely provincial and local rivalries, inflamed by jealousies over supposed small advantages possessed by the other.

In Sri Lanka, where again it takes a long time to notice that Tamils are prone to be slightly smaller and slightly darker than the Sinhala majority, it is somehow the most important information that either population possesses.

And if you want to see an expression of sheer racial disdain, try giving to an Iranian Shiite the impression that you think he and his Iraqi co-religionists are brothers under the skin. The next example of this phenomenon will be among the most serious as well as the least dramatic. One of the most unobtrusive differences in the world — the line that separates French from Flemish-speaking Belgians — is about to be forcefully reasserted in a bid to split Belgium in two.

If this secession occurs, then the headquarters country of NATO and the European Union will rather narcissistically cease to exist, undone by one of the smallest distinctions of all. So pity the Uzbeks and Kyrgyz as they peer suspiciously at one another during a sudden time of scarcity and insecurity. Their mutual miseries may be just beginning.

And all this contains the true ingredients of tragedy — and of irony. If we were dogs, we would all be the same breed. We do not suffer from the enormous differences that separate other primates, let alone other mammals. As if to spite this huge natural gift, and to disfigure what could be our overwhelming solidarity, we manage to find excuses for chauvinism and racism on the most minor of occasions and then to make the most of them.

This is why condemnation of bigotry and superstition is not just a moral question but a matter of survival. Sign up to receive the daily top stories from the National Post, a division of Postmedia Network Inc.

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‘Ethnic Nationalism’: Authenticity, Atavism and International Instability

Nationalisms Old and New pp Cite as. It is the ubiquity of religion and blood as common elements of ethnic identity which constitute their ultimate political significance for Burns and others. Atavism could so easily smite us because of its proximity to our own restless search for authenticity. Why this should now appear so is the topic of this chapter. Skip to main content Skip to sections.

Nationalisms Old and New pp Cite as. It is the ubiquity of religion and blood as common elements of ethnic identity which constitute their ultimate political significance for Burns and others. Atavism could so easily smite us because of its proximity to our own restless search for authenticity. Why this should now appear so is the topic of this chapter. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content.


Freud first used the term 'narcissism of minor difference' in The Taboo of Virginity. (). NMD is no doubt Canadian journalist and war correspondent Michael Ignatieff. 'Nationalism and the narcissism of minor differences' in Ronald.


Chapter 3. The Globalization Hypothesis and Its Fallacies

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Cultural Critique

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Подойдя вплотную, незнакомец буквально пронзил ее взглядом. - Кто это? - спросил. - Сьюзан Флетчер, - ответил Бринкерхофф. Человек-гигант удивленно поднял брови. Даже перепачканная сажей и промокшая, Сьюзан Флетчер производила более сильное впечатление, чем он мог предположить. - А коммандер? - спросил .

‘Ethnic Nationalism’: Authenticity, Atavism and International Instability

Он аккуратно размазал приправу кончиком салфетки. - Что за отчет. - Производственный.

 - Почему он не звонит. Вода из горячей постепенно превратилась в теплую и, наконец, холодную. Она уже собиралась вылезать, как вдруг ожил радиотелефон. Сьюзан быстро встала и, расплескивая воду, потянулась к трубке, лежавшей на краю раковины.

И со всем этим ему приходится справляться в одиночку. Стоит ли удивляться, что он находится на грани срыва?. - С учетом обстоятельств, я полагаю, - сказала Сьюзан, - вам все же нужно позвонить директору. Стратмор покачал головой, и капля пота с его лба упала на стол.

Дизельный двигатель взревел, набирая обороты, и в тот момент, когда автобус уже готов был тронуться, из соседнего бара выскочили трое молодых людей. Они бежали за уже движущимся автобусом, крича и размахивая руками. Водитель, наверное, снял ногу с педали газа, рев двигателя поутих, и молодые люди поравнялись с автобусом.

Дайте немножко денег, чтобы я могла вернуться домой. Я вам все верну. Беккер подумал, что деньги, которые он ей даст, в конечном счете окажутся в кармане какого-нибудь наркоторговца из Трианы.

 - Ключ - это первичное, то есть простое число. Подумайте. Это не лишено смысла.

Это был Чатрукьян. Он снова постучал. У него был такой вид, будто он только что увидел Армагеддон.

 - Qu'est-ce-que vous voulez. Ясно, подумал Беккер с улыбкой. Канадский француз. - Пожалуйста, уделите мне одну минуту. Беккер отлично говорил по-французски, тем не менее обратился к этому человеку на языке, который тот, как он надеялся, должен был знать хуже.

Щелчок взведенного курка. - Adids, - прошептал человек и бросился на него подобно пантере. Раздался выстрел, мелькнуло что-то красное.

 Мне даже не сказали, что вы придете. Беккер поспешил переменить тему: - У вас на голове огромная шишка. Больно.

Даже если АНБ расскажет о ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ, Танкадо им уже ничем не поможет. Стратмор молчал. Положение оказалось куда серьезнее, чем предполагала Сьюзан.

Они заявляли, что это сильный, чистый алгоритм, который может стать отличным стандартом шифрования. Но за три дня до голосования в конгрессе, который наверняка бы дал добро новому стандарту. молодой программист из лаборатории Белл по имени Грег Хейл потряс мир, заявив, что нашел черный ход, глубоко запрятанный в этом алгоритме. Черный ход представлял собой несколько строк хитроумной программы, которые вставил в алгоритм коммандер Стратмор. Они были вмонтированы так хитро, что никто, кроме Грега Хейла, их не заметил, и практически означали, что любой код, созданный с помощью Попрыгунчика, может быть взломан секретным паролем, известным только АНБ.

Он перегнулся через плечо Беккера и заговорил в микрофон: - Не знаю, важно ли это, но я не уверен, что мистер Танкадо знал, что он пал жертвой покушения. - Прошу прощения? - проговорил директор. - Халохот был профессионалом высокого уровня, сэр.

3 Comments

  1. Marshall E. 11.05.2021 at 14:27

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  2. Eudoxio V. 12.05.2021 at 15:20

    Reviewing the sudden spasm of violence between the Uzbek minority and the Kyrgyz majority in Kyrgyzstan recently, many commentators were at a loss to explain why the two peoples should so abruptly have turned upon one another.

  3. Meek19 18.05.2021 at 10:08

    Their readiness to cross state borders daily leads to the conclusion that the "​narcissism of minor differences" (Ignatieff ; Kolstø ), as a.