Positives And Negatives Of Globalization Pdf

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We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. By using our website you consent to all cookies in accordance with our updated Cookie Notice. Every industrial revolution has driven a wave of globalization.

Globalization and Politics: The Effects of globalization on human life aspects

Reading Time: 9 minutes. Hire anyone, anywhere, quickly and easily. Use our AI-driven, automated, fully compliant global Employer of Record platform powered by our in-house worldwide HR experts. There is no question about it — globalization has transformed the modern world. It shapes, and will continue to shape, the way people do business, travel, and connect. Globalization provides a wealth of benefits, but it also comes with economic and cultural consequences that can be difficult to navigate.

As globalization continues to shape worldwide interactions in commerce, technology, and more, companies will need to understand both its benefits and challenges. Imagine a business call with members of eight different countries. Imagine a joint United Nations peacekeeping mission in which different member nations join forces to save lives on another continent.

You can use a phone to reach someone instantly, no matter how far across the globe that person is. You can Skype, text, or use Whatsapp. You can get on a plane and in a matter of hours show up halfway around the world. Globalization is part of that shrinking world, bringing people together for common — or competitive — goals. Though, of course, multinational conglomerates see globalization in every aspect of business, even smaller startups and entrepreneur-led businesses will be impacted.

Globalization affects businesses in a variety of ways:. What are the advantages of globalization for businesses? International cooperation has a number of tangible benefits. The economic benefits of globalization to much of the world are hard to ignore. Increased trade to larger and more diverse markets results in greater revenues and increased gross domestic product GDP.

India, for example, is a country whose GDP has benefited hugely from globalization in the technology sector:. Globalization also means that businesses can realize greater profits by tapping into previously untouched markets and taking advantage of lower local costs. By expanding into new countries, businesses reach markets that are hungry for their novel goods and eager to pay top dollar for them.

They can achieve higher revenues in unsaturated markets while saving money via the lower cost structure that results from cheaper labor, rent, and materials.

Global competition in the markets leads to both quality and affordability. As consumers realize they have a variety of options from all corners of the globe , they will choose to purchase the best and cheapest options, requiring companies to enhance quality and provide affordable prices if they wish to remain competitive.

The outsourcing of work also contributes to lower prices, as many companies hire foreign laborers to do the work for lower pay. Combining efforts and resources allows for more creativity and innovation to solve problems that affect people all around the globe. Conservation efforts and efforts to combat rising carbon emissions, for example, will require a concentrated global effort if they are to succeed.

Nongovernmental organizations NGOs use a collaborative approach to address issues that are not confined within borders, such as child labor, human trafficking, and health care and disease prevention. Not all the benefits of globalization take place at the scale of billions and trillions of dollars. Cross-cultural exchanges of ideas, food, music, media, and language are just as valuable. Their new knowledge helps develop stronger empathy and appreciation for people of other cultures.

Arguably one of the top advantages of globalization has been the rapid spread of technology worldwide. Google, Dell, and Microsoft, for example, all have offices on many continents. Developing countries often appeal to investors because of the huge potential for growth.

The resulting advancements lead to results like the spread of motorized farm machinery in Southeast Asia, for instance, where there had previously only been manual labor. NGOs also compile and spread knowledge. They shared these materials worldwide to help hospitals deal with the illness. For developing countries, especially, being able to skip the long technological development processes of industrialized countries brings rapid progress.

Where it is dangerous or difficult to travel, small business owners simply use their mobile phones to reach clients and contractors. They can also use their phones to track the prices of crops and find out which markets will bring in more money.

Rapid technological advances have benefits other than economic ones. The midwives, in turn, use their phones to connect to a system that doctors monitor at all hours. The European Centre for International Political Economy reports that globalization has helped reduce high inflation rates in western economies, so each dollar of consumer spending goes further.

This development also has the effect of increasing real wages by lowering the cost of living. Additionally, competition on the global market means the prices of many items have declined, so purchases that were once unaffordable luxuries, such as laptops, cars, and washing machines, are now affordable for many people.

Foreigners come to seem completely unfamiliar under such conditions. But if people have networked with others from elsewhere over the world, spoken with them about common problems, and partaken of their food and culture, they are better able to perceive their common humanity and treat these others as equals.

Here are just a few. American companies have been known to use cheap foreign sweatshop labor to make cheap American goods. Wealthy, industrialized countries have shipped their trash to China and Malaysia. Exploiting cheap markets and lax regulations in developing nations has caused pollution and suffering in those countries, even as profits soar abroad. Though the world gold price quadrupled over 10 years and electronics have become ever cheaper, globalization has not alleviated the poverty and violence in the country.

The outsourcing of labor also leaves a dearth of jobs in industrialized countries, where labor is more expensive. When the United States outsources manufacturing to cheaper competitors in foreign markets, domestic manufacturing laborers lose their jobs. Higher unemployment leads to discontent, strain on the social safety net, and lower tax revenue from income. Globalization presents challenges for multinational corporations in terms of capital investment and leadership.

Setting up a business in a new country , especially a developing country, requires substantial upfront capital. The needed infrastructure may not be in place. Roads, electrical grids, broadband internet, water, and sanitation may need to be upgraded or developed from scratch. It can also be difficult to find and retain managers with the requisite skills to add value to the company and work effectively within the local culture.

Multinational corporations also face the challenge of contending with different laws in different countries. Sometimes they must contend with different types of legal and banking systems entirely. Difficulty navigating these systems may lead to impediments in expanding to new countries and severe repercussions for missteps made. Fewer regulatory bodies exist for international business enterprises. Navigating the international markets can thus sometimes feel like the Wild West.

Interconnected markets also mean that with a lack of regulation, if something goes wrong, the repercussions will resound globally. The global financial crisis, for example, hit many nations hard. Increasing populations of immigrants and refugees present a challenge for industrialized nations. Though countries may wish to help, too large an influx puts a strain on resources and social structures. Countries find themselves limited in the aid they can provide without detriment to their own citizens.

Globalization can contribute to a decline in job opportunities as companies move their production facilities overseas. Forbes reports that the move toward globalization has led to deindustrialization throughout the United States, which was once home to many more factories and auto plants.

When American companies move their production to China and other countries with plentiful, cheap labor, American workers suffer under factory closures, layoffs, and skyrocketing unemployment rates where they live. According to the Economic Policy Institute, the U. Like it or not, globalization is a potent force for growth and development, and it is changing the world in ways that have a sweeping, sometimes unpredictable impact. Contact Globalization Partners International to find out how your company can communicate and thrive in a network of global partnerships.

To further help guide your global expansion journey, read our eBook on 10 International Expansion Mistakes to Avoid , available for download here:.

Download eBook. Globalization Partners has entities in countries all over the world. When U. Account Login. Benefits and Challenges of Globalization February By Globalization Partners February Globalization Partners Succeed Faster. What Is Globalization? Globalization informs all these scenarios. How Globalization Affects Businesses Though, of course, multinational conglomerates see globalization in every aspect of business, even smaller startups and entrepreneur-led businesses will be impacted.

Consumers demand ever-higher quality and cheaper products, and when they have a global array of companies to choose from, only those that evolve to supply what consumers want and need will prosper. This increased competition means companies must keep up with cutting-edge developments and stay assertive in the global marketplace to survive. Opening larger, more diverse markets: On the other hand, companies that open themselves up to the global marketplace will naturally find a much larger market in which to sell their services.

Has a Western electric bike manufacturer found limited success in a country where cars are still king? It can turn to Asian markets, where population density has led to crushing vehicle traffic and a huge market for lighter electric transportation.

All these elements except capital saw moderate growth worldwide in Sharing technology: For countries to be able to cooperate globally, they must share similar technology and technological infrastructure. The need for shared technology means that technological advances quickly make their way around the world.

Sharing knowledge: Similarly, the need for a centralized base of knowledge for cooperating countries to work from means globalization results in a rapid transfer of knowledge. Scientific advances made in Belgium can be in Japan with the touch of a button. Promoting a diversified workforce: Businesses operating globally attract employees from all over the world.

What is Globalization? Meaning and it’s Importance

The garment industry in Bangladesh makes clothes that are then shipped out across the world. It employs as many as four million people, but the average worker earns less in a month than a U. This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. Leveled by. Monday, December 23,

In the U. And in time trade barriers would drop to support even more multinationals expansion and economic gains while geo political cooperation would flourish. There is no question that globalization has been a good thing for many developing countries who now have access to our markets and can export cheap goods. Globalization has also been good for Multi-national corporations and Wall Street. But globalization has not been good for working people blue or white collar and has led to the continuing deindustrialization of America.

Globalization is an established part of the modern world, so most of us do not realize the benefits it brings to our everyday lives—such as easy access to a variety of different cuisines or new technologies developed by countries half a world away. Even though globalization makes our lives better, it does bring some challenges as companies start to grow and expand across borders. Cultural differences around the world are undeniable. Keep reading to learn more about the benefits and challenges of globalization, and how businesses navigate these difficulties to reach their global expansion goals. More simply, globalization refers to an open flow of information, technology, and goods among countries and consumers. This openness occurs through various relationships, from business, geopolitics, and technology to travel, culture, and media.


In addition, this article highlights both negative and positive effects of globalisation taking place in developed countries, as well as those that are currently.


An economist explains the pros and cons of globalization

Globalization — what is it? What is the definition of globalization? Benefits and negative effects?

The world is a global village. This is a phrase you must have had thrown around during business discussions. Those who say this is most likely referring to how small the world has become due to globalization which has removed boundaries to trade and communication between people in different countries. Globalization a process where people, companies, and governments from different nations interact and integrate through international trade and investments has effects on the environment, culture, political systems, economic development, and human physical well-being in societies around the world.

Effects of Economic Globalization

Some praise globalization while others protest the phenomenon and blame it for job loss and other ills. Is one side correct or is globalization more of a mixed bag? Find out now: How much should I save for retirement?

Globalization Benefits and Challenges

Reading Time: 9 minutes. Hire anyone, anywhere, quickly and easily. Use our AI-driven, automated, fully compliant global Employer of Record platform powered by our in-house worldwide HR experts. There is no question about it — globalization has transformed the modern world. It shapes, and will continue to shape, the way people do business, travel, and connect.

As borders disappear, people and goods are increasingly free to move, creating new challenges to global health. These cannot be met by national governments alone but must be dealt with instead by international organizations and agreements. Every year, the same ritual takes place at changing locations in the Western world. While the heads of the eight leading industrialized nations meet at their annual G8 summit to discuss the global state of affairs, a wide variety of organizations and protesters meet in parallel to decry what they see as the negative effects of globalization. Notwith-standing these protests, whether one sees globalization as a tool to overcome poverty, hunger and disease in the world or whether one feels threatened by its consequences, one thing is certain: globalization is here to stay. Often narrowly defined as the increasing integration of the world's economies, globalization is in reality a powerful development that presents new challenges at the beginning of this millennium. One major problem is the increasing internationalization of health risks.


literature but also in international operations, as well as positive and negative effects of the phenomenon. KEYWORDS. globalization, environmental change.


Globalization has today become a major sort of debate among academicians, policy makers and NGOs. Its impact is profound. Poverties, inequalities, injustices, starvations, backwards and marginalizations are all serious problems many societies are still experiencing.

Globalization: Definition, Benefits, Effects, Examples – What is Globalization?

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The Pros and Cons of Globalization

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