Fwh Myers Human Personality And Its Survival Of Bodily Death Pdf

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By The price and dimensions of such a work made the future issue of a more popular edition not improbable. Human personality and its survival of bodily death : Vol.

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Human Personality and its Survival of Bodily Death

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. On the centenary of Frederic W. Journal of Parapsychology, 68, Carlos S. Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. While the purpose of the book was to argue for survival of bodily death, Myers also presented a unifying model of normal, abnormal, and parapsychological phenomena based on the workings of a subliminal or subconscious mind.

Human Personality grew in the contexts of nineteenth-century Spiritualism, psychical research, and psychology and psychiatry. Nonetheless, the book has been very influential and its content is still relevant to present concerns of psi functioning and the subconscious mind. The purpose of this book. Myers, , Vol. Both authors, who emphasized mediumistic phenomena and their explanation, were influential in European circles. Myers hereinafter abbreviated as Human Personality.

In these comments I would like to discuss briefly this important book. My purpose is to bring to the attention of contemporary readers the content of the book as well as aspects of its intellectual context, reception, and current implications. A year later he held a fellowship and a college lectureship in classics at Trinity College Gauld, On a more practical matter, Myers was employed as an inspector of schools.

While his background did not include scientific nor psychological training, Myers educated himself in science over the years with special attention to psychology and psychiatry. For the purposes of this paper I focus on his far more important role as a psychologist and psychical researcher. In terms of theoretical developments, Myers was the most important of the nineteenth-century British psychical researchers.

More than any other psychical researcher in his times, he contributed to the expansion of psychology and the establishment of a connection between psychology and psychical research. This was clearly developed in a series of papers on automatisms published in the s e. The culmination and final articulation of this work appeared in his Human Personality. Oliver Lodge , p. These comparisons came from the fact that Myers had an unusual talent to conceptualize and synthesize a wide range of features and qualities of the mind so as to order existing knowledge and create new connections and relationships.

His writings e. Much of this work, not to mention Human Personality, gave cohesion and a theoretical structure to the then-new enterprise of psychical research. This included telepathy, clairvoyance, hauntings, and other phenomena of psychical research. Although Myers had died in , he had made arrangements to have the book prepared for publication in case of his death. The book was put in order for publication by Richard Hodgson and Alice Johnson.

It incorporates sections of papers Myers published in the Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, such as those cited above. Soon after its publication Human Personality was translated into French Myers, , abridged edition and Italian Myers, In the book Myers analyzed many cases that he thought supported survival. Without this persistence of love and memory should we be in truth the same?

To what extent has any philosophy or any revelation assured us hereof till now? Leonora Piper in chapter 9, arguing that it provided evidence for discarnate communication. Another evidence was the nature of telepathy. He argued that if telepathy were seen as the action of the incarnate spirit, a principle independent of the material body, perhaps this would support the idea of the existence of spirits without a body.

The assumption here was that the presence of spiritual powers while the person was alive indicated an element of human personality that continued after death into the spiritual world. Another important argument for survival was what Myers referred to as psychical excursion. This idea was used by Myers to discuss a variety of apparitions of the living that he saw as gradations of the same basic experience. Some of them were without consciousness of the person represented by the apparition e.

In addition, the cases also ranged from those in which the experiencer did not obtain veridical information and was not perceived at the remote location, to those in which information was obtained and someone perceived the experiencer called reciprocal apparitions in SPR literature e.

These three types of phenomena were seen by Myers to be functions of the subliminal subconscious mind. In this conception Myers presented a comprehensive unified model to explain both psychological and parapsychological phenomena. I proposed to extend the meaning of the term, so as to make it cover all that takes place beneath the ordinary threshold, or say, if preferred, outside the ordinary margin of consciousness; — not only those faint stimulations whose very faintness keeps them submerged, but much else which psychology as yet scarcely recognises; sensations, thoughts, emotions, which may be strong, definite, and independent, but which, by the original constitution of our being, seldom emerge into that supraliminal current of consciousness which we habitually identify with ourselves.

Perceiving further that this conscious life beneath the threshold or beyond the margin seems to be no discontinuous or intermittent thing; that not only are these isolated subliminal processes comparable with isolated supraliminal processes as when a problem is solved by some unknown procedure in a dream , but that there also is a continuous subliminal chain of memory or more chains than one involving just that kind of individual and persistent revival of old impressions, and response to new ones, which we commonly call a Self, — I find it permissible and convenient to speak of subliminal Selves, or more briefly of a subliminal self.

I do not indeed by using this term assume that there are two correlative and parallel selves existing always within each of us.

And I conceive also that no Self of which we can here have cognisance is in reality more than a fragment of a larger Self, — revealed in a fashion at once shifting and limited through an organism not so framed as to afford it full manifestation. In terms of the abnormal or the pathological, the subliminal also controlled hallucinations and hysteria including double and multiple personality.

Finally, supernormal manifestations such as telepathy, clairvoyance, precognition, telekinesis and other processes were linked to this unifying principle. In both hypnosis and hysteria the subliminal self acquired a notion such as anesthesia or paralysis that was then conveyed to the supraliminal. To some extent Myers followed the Nancy school of hypnosis in terms of accepting the power of suggestion. In hysteria, dream-like and incoherent subliminal material was postulated by Myers to intrude into the supraliminal by passing through a permeable barrier.

However, phenomena such as secondary personalities, generally considered to be hysterical phenomena and marks of degeneration by the medical profession e. Similarly, Myers cautioned us not to conclude that psychosis was degenerative until careful study had ruled out the possibility of an enlargement of powers Vol. Many of these phenomena came to the supraliminal by way of messages from the subliminal conveyed by sensory and motor automatisms, Myers believed.

However, sensory automatisms did not have to be supernormal veridical. They could also be after-images, hypnagogic imagery, or memory images with subliminal material that was not veridical. This included trance speaking, table tilting and automatic writing and drawing, among other phenomena.

Similar to the sensory automatisms, the motor ones expressed considerable nonsupernormal material from the subliminal. These were pathways characteristic to each person that may in addition reflect the ways taken by pathological processes. The ability of the musician could come through, but it could do so together with the flaws of the instrument. The manifestation depended on the nature of the specific path the mind used to externalize its communications.

Neither evolution nor heredity, Myers believed, shaped the nature of the subliminal self. These faculties were part of our pre-terrene heritage, part of our spiritual nature. Nonetheless, both evolution and heredity could affect the manifestation of these faculties by bringing on the development of vents in the threshold separating the subliminal from the supraliminal.

The physical phenomenon of mediumship was one of the areas that did not receive much attention in Human Personality, at least not as much attention as the mental phenomena. However, the topic was not completely neglected, as seen in discussions of mediums D. Home and William Stainton Moses Vol.

Myers thought these molecular actions of the brain take place as we control our own brain and as we affect others at a distance telepathically. In the second place, we have telergy; — the extension of its power over the brain molecules of an organism other than that with which it is primarily in connection.

Furthermore, the book served at least two other functions. Second, the book was to some extent an overview of the state of the art in psychical research at the turn of the century. This was particularly true of work regarding telepathy, mental mediumship, and apparitions of different sorts, with emphasis on SPR work.

One of them was Spiritualism, especially British Spiritualism Oppenhein, Myers cited little of this literature to put his ideas in context. Perhaps he was trying to separate his efforts from those of the spiritualists, whom he probably perceived as having low evidential standards. We certainly see more acknowledgments to the psychological, psychiatric and psychical research literatures than to the writings of the spiritualists.

Other than the influence of Spiritualism, the content of Human Personality should be seen in the context of two important literatures: the joint literatures of psychology and psychiatry and that of psychical research. Concerning psychology and psychiatry, Myers drew heavily from French studies. He traveled more than once to France, where he observed telepathic hypnosis Myers, c and transfer phenomena with magnets Myers, b. Gurney and Dr. The main influence was the work of the SPR, some of whose members Myers being a leading one had made important contributions to the study of thought-transference, apparitions, hauntings, and mediumship, not to mention phenomena such as the stages of hypnotic memory and the psychology of automatic writing and hallucinations Alvarado, ; Gauld, , Many of the early SPR workers had a different goal from the reductionistic concerns of nineteenth-century psychiatry and psychology, and seriously considered the mind as a causal agent separate from the body.

Examples of this are his citations of the work of Justinus Kerner in Germany Vol. In addition, he saw parapsychological phenomena in the general context of human functioning and not as isolated anomalies.

That is to say, the supernormal was connected to hysteria, hypnosis, multiple personality, dreams, hallucinations, and creativity because all of those phenomena were the province of the subliminal mind. However, neither of these works had the scope of Human Personality. While Myers presented many detailed and well investigated cases to illustrate the powers of the subconscious mind and its connections and continuities with a variety of phenomena, the previously mentioned authors limited themselves to short descriptions and few illustrative cases.

The depths of subliminal life were well illustrated by Myers and, in comparison, poorly described by his predecessors. Myers also had a wider and farther-reaching concept of subconscious functions than the two mentioned authors.

One of them was his writing style. William James , p.

Human personality and its survival of bodily death

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human personality and its survival of bodily death pdf

Arthur Thomas Myers — In be became an Inspector of schools. In , Myers published a long poem, St Paul , which includes the words of the hymn Hark what a sound, and too divine for hearing. He also wrote books of literary criticism, in particular Wordsworth and Essays, Classical and Modern in two volumes, , which included an essay on Virgil.

And why do affirmations work for certain people and in certain circumstances, but not for everyone and all the time? When he finally turned to getting trained as an M. These works are but a partial presentation of an ever-growing subject on personality and its survival after the body dies. This book is an exposition rather than a proof.

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Human Personality Its Survival Bodily Death

FFor six decades, since its original publication in , Human Personality and Its Survival of Bodily Death has been the most highly esteemed work in the field of psychical research.

 А-а, Росио - прелестное создание. - Мне нужно немедленно ее увидеть. - Но, сеньор, она занята с клиентом. - Это очень важно, - извиняющимся тоном сказал Беккер. Вопрос национальной безопасности.

 Черт возьми! - не сдержался Фонтейн, теряя самообладание.  - Он должен там .

Но Танкадо… - размышляла.  - С какой стати такой параноик, как Танкадо, доверился столь ненадежному типу, как Хейл. Сьюзан понимала, что теперь это не имеет никакого значения.

Frederic W. H. Myers

Он увидел уборщика и подошел к. - Has visto a una nina? - спросил он, перекрывая шум, издаваемый моечной машиной.

Лицо его все сильнее заливалось краской. - Невероятно! - воскликнул он и снова швырнул трубку.  - Шифровалка вот-вот взорвется, а Стратмор не отвечает на звонки.

Human Personality and Its Survival of Bodily Death


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    my brother, Dr. A. T. Myers, F.R.C.P., who helped me for many years affect it during earth-life —but the crowning disintegration of bodily death. In view of this and more clearness to the survival of human personality, and to the pos-.