Advantages And Disadvantages Of Questionnaire Method Of Data Collection Pdf

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A Review of Advantages-Disadvantages of Questionnaires as a Data Collection Tool

Questionnaires as data collection tool provide both the researcher and the responder with many advantages. Disadvantages of questionnaires however also stem from the same factors that provide the advantage. A review of the pros ande cons of questionnaires highlight questionnaires as an instrument that allows standardization, ease of use, and anonymity. All these factors however also become the basis for major disadvantages. Questionnaires not only allow researchers to ask the same questions in the same order to all respondents, but also make tabulation and comparison of answers easy and consistent.

Such standardization eliminates bias and allows objective collection of answers. Questionnaires do not allow asking follow-up questions or further probing based on the given answer, which may be critical for the research. Similarly, questionnaires do not encourage respondents to contribute anything extra than what is asked for, when some respondents may have some crucial information very relevant for the research, but overlooked by the question setter.

Open-ended questionnaires that allow only a yes-no answer or points ranking does not allow the responder to explain points. At times, providing a certain rating might be conditional, or the responder might wish to highlight a significant exception to the general score.

The popularity of questionnaires as data collection tool is largely owing to its ease of use, and flexibility. Researchers can disseminate questionnaires to all respondents simultaneously, allowing for fast collection of data and much reduced effort than, say, interviewing the respondents one by one. Researchers also find compiling and analyzing the data from questionnaires much easier than doing the same from most other methods.

Respondents find answering questionnaires easy and convenient. The absence of the researcher waiting to write down answers and ask the next question allows respondents time to think and answer, resulting in high quality of response. Such advantages however also lay the ground for some disadvantages. Most people do not take questionnaires, especially anonymous questionnaires seriously, and remain reluctant to spend time filling it up, when the same people would readily agree to an interactive interview.

Many respondents tend to answer questionnaires superficially, without much thought, especially if the questionnaire is long. Questionnaires allow anonymity. In many surveys, honest answers depend on the extent to which the respondents feel the data remain confidential.

Questionnaires without respondent names or location traces remain the best way to ensure such anonymity, with even the researcher not knowing the respondent identity. Questionnaires also have an impersonal touch, as the researcher does not directly interact with the interviewee. This non-intrusive nature of questionnaires has its advantages for sensitive or controversial topics, in that the respondent feels free to make bold answers without embarrassment or fear or reprisal.

Such anonymity however also has a direct disadvantage in that the interviewer misses gestures, visual cues and subtle hints, which may be major sources of interpreting answers correctly. This lack of visual cues affects questionnaires that elicit sensitive issues or attitudes more than questionnaire that elects information. The anonymity or non-interactive nature of questionnaire leads to increased chances of misunderstanding or miscommunication, as the respondents may interpret a question differently than what the researcher intended, with no chance to seek clarification or make amends.

Finally, the researcher has no way to ascertain whether the intended respondent or someone else completed the questionnaire. A review of the advantages and disadvantages of questionnaires suggests that the effectiveness of administering questionnaires as a tool for data collection depends on the nature of research, the type of respondents, and the nature of data required.

The success of questionnaire as data collection tool depends on proper design and a scientific basis of preparation that allows the researcher to leverage the advantage and reduce the disadvantages. Page content.

Contemplating This Data Gathering Method? Standardization Ease Anonymity Reference. Article authored by N Nayab.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Questionnaires

Questionnaires have been used since the 19th century. Often used as a method for collecting information, the questionnaire was first developed in London in A questionnaire can be defined as a set of questions along with answer choices asked for respondents which are mainly used for gathering information or for survey purposes. Questionnaires are usually used for collecting data from the respondents through a series of questions and other prompts set by the organization conducting such experiments. Questionnaires are not necessarily statistical data , but they do act as an effective alternative for surveys since they are cheap and can be widely used to reach within people in a short period of time. These are usually used to get a standardized answer rather than a specific answer seen in other questionnaire types of statistical data collection.

Have you ever wondered if conducting a questionnaire is a viable option for your research? In this article, we will focus on the one we know best: questionnaires. As with every research method, there are pros and cons. Get ready to discover the 10 biggest advantages like cost efficiency, scalability and quick results. But also disadvantages such as respondents with their own agenda and a possible lack of personalization.


Understand how the method used for data collection influences the design of the advantages to using such questionnaires, including the fact that many of these What are the three main disadvantages of a face-to-face interview survey?


Questionnaire: Types, Advantages and Disadvantages

Descriptions of key issues in survey research and questionnaire design are highlighted in the following sections. Modes of data collection approaches are described together with their advantages and disadvantages. Descriptions of commonly used sampling designs are provided and the primary sources of survey error are identified. Terms relating to the topics discussed here are defined in the Research Glossary.

Questionnaire Method of Data Collection : Advantages and Disadvantages

A questionnaire is a research instrument consisting of a series of questions for the purpose of gathering information from respondents.

10 Advantages and Disadvantages of Questionnaires

Use of questionnaire in field research offers the following advantages. The questionnaire has great potentialities when it is properly used. It is an economical way of accumulating information of significance from international marketer. When the respondents are scattered far and wide, it will be a better tool as compared to the tools like interview or observation. It permits even international coverage.

This article aims to identify and explain some of the advantages and disadvantages of questionnaires. Questionnaires are often used by researchers in quantitative research as they are understood to be very useful to collect large amounts of data from a large sample of people. However, questionnaires are not without some limitations. It is, therefore, important for researchers to examine the advantages and disadvantages of questionnaires before deciding whether they should use this instrument in their research or not.

Clear research goal

Surveys are easy to develop, especially when using the advanced survey software solutions available today. Many researchers are tempted to do much of their data collection online; however, it is not always the preferred mode of data collection, especially if respondents are in hard-to-reach areas. Whether a researcher uses an online survey , mobile survey , paper survey , or a combination of all modes, the mode should depend on the type of study and the demographics of respondents. Online surveys and mobile surveys tend to be the most cost-effective modes of survey research, yet they may not reach those respondents that can only respond using alternate modes. Results of online surveys and mobile surveys may suffer and differ greatly if important respondents are left out of the research. Hard-to-reach respondents may be easier to reach using more traditional methods such as paper surveys or face-to-face interviews.

Questionnaire: Definition, Examples, Design and Types

Questionnaires as data collection tool provide both the researcher and the responder with many advantages. Disadvantages of questionnaires however also stem from the same factors that provide the advantage. A review of the pros ande cons of questionnaires highlight questionnaires as an instrument that allows standardization, ease of use, and anonymity. All these factors however also become the basis for major disadvantages. Questionnaires not only allow researchers to ask the same questions in the same order to all respondents, but also make tabulation and comparison of answers easy and consistent.

Read this article to learn about the advantages and disadvantages of questionnaire method of data collection. It is an economical way of accumulating information. It is economical both for the sender and for the respondent in time, effort and cost.

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4 Comments

  1. Archie F. 17.04.2021 at 21:58

    A survey is a process of gathering data that could involve a wide variety of data collection methods, including a questionnaire. In essence.

  2. Charlotte B. 18.04.2021 at 15:28

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  3. Connor P. 18.04.2021 at 19:05

    Questionnaires are a very useful survey tool that allow large populations to be assessed with relative ease.

  4. Mailen G. 23.04.2021 at 00:29

    Questionnaire Method of Data Collection: Advantages and Disadvantages. (1) Economical: (2) Wide Coverage: (3) Rapidity: (4) Suitable in Special Type of Response: (5) Repetitive Information: (6) An Easier Method: (7) It Puts Less Pressure on the Respondents: (8) Uniformity.