Death And Dying In World Religions Pdf
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- Death and Dying
- Death and Dying in World Religions
- Elder Care Interprofessional Provider Sheets
- Elder Care Interprofessional Provider Sheets
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Death is the permanent, irreversible cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism. Death is generally applied to whole organisms; the similar process seen in individual components of a living organism, such as cells or tissues, is necrosis. Something that is not considered a living organism, such as a virus , can be physically destroyed but is not said to die.
Death and Dying
March 27, Historically the purpose of most religious funerals was to aid the deceased in their passage to the next life, and this remains an important factor for many. In more recent times, and in more secular funerals, the emphasis has shifted towards providing comfort and support for the bereaved. This also tends to be true in Christian, and particularly Protestant funerals. Over the last few decades there has been a shift away from Christian funerals towards humanist or civil funeral celebrants, particularly in England.
The UK has, compared with most other countries, very few restrictions concerning what may be done with human cremated remains. Buddhism There are no universally agreed death or funeral rites prescribed in Buddhism, and Buddhists often follow the common tradition in the country they are living in. Particularly for British converts to Buddhism rather than British Buddhists from immigrant families funerals are most likely to take the form of a cremation at the local crematorium.
The deceased is staked out on a mountain to be eaten by vultures and other scavengers. If vultures are quick to come this may be taken as an indication that the person is spiritually advanced and will have an easy passage.
This will also aid the person in achieving nibbana. Tibetan Buddhists may also read the Bardo Thodol sometimes referred to as the Tibetan Book of the Dead to the dying, and for a period of time following death.
This is a set of teachings designed to help the dead person accept and adapt to their death and to successfully negotiate the Bardo ; the state between death and either achieving nibbana or becoming reborn. Buddhists may also practise cremation, water burial or inhumation depending on local customs.
Christianity Practice varies widely between different Christian denominations and around the world. In some Orthodox traditions services are held 8 days, 30 days and one year after death Protestant churches tend to emphasise the distinction between body and soul and the assumption is often that the soul will proceed to heaven while the body is of little importance and can be permanently disposed of eg through cremation.
The Roman Catholic Church has permitted cremation since as long as doing so does not reflect a lack of faith in bodily resurrection. For this reason, in , the Vatican banned the scattering of cremated remains or keeping them in a non-sacred space. Roman Catholicism and the Orthodox Churches still strongly favour burial over cremation due to a belief in the physical resurrection of the body.
There has been a significant decline in church funerals in the UK, with the majority of religious funerals held entirely at a crematorium. Roman Catholic and Orthodox funerals tend to focus strongly on a ritual and liturgical formula and may not include a eulogy, or much focus on the life or character of the deceased this is generally left to memorials or gatherings following the funeral. This is because the main purpose of the funeral is often seen as intercession on behalf of the person that has died in order to ease their passage into heaven.
All Christian churches teach that after death a person is subject to judgement although far less emphasis has been placed on hell in recent decades. The Roman Catholic Church still teaches that the dead may undergo a period of purification in Purgatory and that this can be shortened by the prayers of the living.
Some evangelical churches have traditionally used funerals as an opportunity for preaching about judgement for the benefit of those in attendance. Islam Islam teaches that the body resides in the coffin until the day of Judgement. This is a period of trial where angels will question the person about their beliefs and practices. The coffin will seem like a paradise for the righteous whereas for the unrighteous it will be torture.
On the Day of Judgement a horn will be blown and the dead will be resurrected to face final judgement. Where possible, a dying person will repeat the Shahada or declaration of faith as their last utterance.
Since Muslims believe in physical resurrection, cremation is not encouraged. Burial should take place as quickly as possible after death and preferably within 24 hours.
Where the cause of death is uncertain this may, and should be determined prior to burial. The person who has died is washed as quickly as possible after death and wrapped in a simple white shroud For men, up to three pieces of cloth may be used for this purpose, for women, five. In many countries, a coffin is not used, but in the UK, where this is often forbidden, a coffin is permitted.
The body is positioned facing towards Mecca. The grave may be raised so that people do not walk on it by mistake but ostentatious displays of wealth or status for example, through elaborate grave stones are discouraged. In some Islamic countries, women are discouraged from attending funerals as their mourning may be excessive.
In different Hindu traditions, moksha may be interpreted either as becoming one with the ultimate Brahman ; or as being with a personal God. Funeral rituals are based on the Vedas , an ancient set of scriptures, the oldest layers of which the Samhitas deal with the correct performance of ritual. Most Hindus are cremated. In Vedic ritual, fire often seen as the fire god, Agni is the means by which things are moved from the realm of mortals to the realm of the gods and this is true of the human body as well.
The exceptions to this rule are very young children and Sanyasi renunciants who are not thought to require purification in fire. Some Hindus believe that to die in Varanasi, or to be cremated there, ensures instant access to moksha. In the UK, most Hindus use the local crematorium. Tradition dictates, however, that the oldest son of the deceased should be the last person to touch the coffin and so Hindus may ask to be allowed to charge the cremator. A small but increasing number of crematoria in the UK are accommodating this by having an area around the front of the cremator designed for public access.
Some Hindus and Sikhs are lobbying for open-air cremation on funeral pyres to be fully legalised in the UK. The legal status of open-air cremation in the UK is ambiguous and problematic. Ideally, cremated remains should be placed in the Ganges river in India, although as all rivers are ultimately connected, any river or sea is acceptable. Judaism Judaism has no clear and unambiguous teaching about life after death. Where a post-mortem existence is mentioned, it is a shadowy half-life in the underworld, or Belief in physical resurrection and judgement followed by Paradise or Gehenna , a place of punishment, begins to enter the scriptural record in around the 4 th century BCE.
The resurrection of the body is believed to be part of what will happen with the coming of the Messiah although the specifics are vague and contested.
Because of the belief in resurrection, religious Jews tend to be buried rather than cremated, although Liberal and Reform Judaism permit cremation. The deceased is never left alone between the time of death and the burial.
Most synagogues or communities have a burial committee, or Chevra Kadisha, whose members undertake to wash and shroud the dead and to sit with them until burial takes place. Women will take care of women who have died and men will attend to men. Burial takes place as quickly as possible following a death, although delay is permitted if an investigation is required.
Liberal and Reform Jews may be less strict about this. Some Jewish men and women for some traditions may be buried wearing their tallit or prayer shawl. The knots surrounding this represent the various scriptural laws and the knots at the corners may be undone prior to burial to show that the person is no longer bound by the law.
For seven days following the funeral a family may sit shiva literally seven. During this period family members are released from many religious obligations.
Mirrors may be covered and candles may be lit. Friends often visit bringing food, and stories of the person who has died may be said. During this time, and at other times following this, a version of the kaddish , a prayer in Aramaic rather than Hebrew, is recited.
The period of 30 days following the funeral, and the year following the funeral, also have distinct practices. When family members visit a grave, they often leave a small stone on top of the grave marker to commemorate the burial cairns mentioned in Jewish scriptures.
Sikhi Sikhism Like Hindus, Sikhs believe in reincarnation, with the atman passing through different births until it achieves mukti , or liberation. Most Sikhs are cremated after death. As with Hindus in the UK there is some pressure to allow the full legalisation of open-air cremation. When a Sikh seems near death, the family may gather with them and recite the Hymn of Peace Sukhmani. The person who is dying will try to respond by saying the name of God Waheguru.
The body is washed and dressed in traditional Sikh clothing as soon as possible after death. If possible cremation should take place within a day. The body is placed in a coffin and taken to the gurdwara where it is placed in front of the Guru Granth Sahib. This is the sacred book, regarded by Sikhs as the eleventh Guru. Prayers are said and readings from the Guru Granth Sahib are recited.
The coffin is then taken to the place of cremation. The cremation ceremony is known as the Atam Sanskar , or ceremony of completion Where cremation is not practical, burial is permitted.
Cremated remains may be either buried or placed in water. In the 10 days following the funeral, Sikhs may observe a period of mourning during which they do not go to work. During this period, a Sadharan Paath , or recitation of the whole of the Guru Granth Sahib may be arranged either in the home or the gurdwara. Extreme displays of grief, or actions designed to help the atman of the deceased such as lighting candles or carrying out austerities are discouraged since Waheguru is the perfect judge and does not require human intervention.
Death and Dying in World Religions
Author s : Lucy Bregman. This product is for the electronic version of the textbook. You will receive immediate access after you purchase. You will receive two emails. The first email is your order confirmation and the second email contains your login instructions. Written for college students with no prior background in the academic study of religions, it intends to widen appreciation of the contribution of diverse cultures and traditions, as it examines the meanings each attribute to dying, death and what comes after. While death and awareness of death are human universals, the contribution of this book is to broaden awareness of the multiplicity of beliefs, rituals, spiritual practices and communities that religions have provided, as persons worldwide have encountered death and dying.
Download PDF. Religion is defined as a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe. An individual's religious beliefs may affect how they perceive death, the dying process, and the afterlife. Basic knowledge of how different religions view death may help clinicians better understand and respect patients' behaviors, goals of care, and treatment decisions near the end of life. This Elder Care will review the end-of-life beliefs and death rituals of the major religions in the US. Note that the discussion represents general guidelines based on standard religious doctrines.
It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. Editors: Cattoi , T. This volume offers a sample of reflections from scholars and practitioners on the theme of death and dying from scholars and practitioners, ranging from the Christian tradition to Hinduism, Lacanian psychoanalysis, while also touching on the themes of the afterlife and near-death experiences. However, even a reader familiar with the area may be able to gain greater understanding, primarily by re-balancing their existing knowledge within a larger context, and thereby helping to shake off any academic astigmatisms or tunnel-vision which can sometimes develop with time. Cann, Omega, Vol.
PDF | Facing death, and the prospects of either everlasting paradise or Nearly all the major world religions provide answers to whether there is life after death. wishing to die while I am praying so I would go to Allah with no sins or very little.
Elder Care Interprofessional Provider Sheets
Download the Lesson Plan. In this lesson, students explore and compare cultural traditions, history and rituals associated with death and dying. The video clips provided with this lesson are from Homegoings , a film that brings to life the beauty and grace of African-American funerals through the lens of mortician and funeral home owner Isaiah Owens.
It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. The medicalization of death is a challenge for all the world's religious and cultural traditions.
Elder Care Interprofessional Provider Sheets
The medicalization of death is a challenge for all the world's religious and cultural traditions. Death's meaning has been reduced to a diagnosis, a problem, rather than a mystery for humans to ponder. How have religious traditions responded? What resources do they bring to a discussion of death's contemporary dilemmas? This book offers a range of creative and contextual responses from a variety of religious and cultural traditions.
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А что, если этот парень способен ему помочь. - Прошу прощения, - сказал. - Я не расслышал, как тебя зовут. - Двухцветный, - прошипел панк, словно вынося приговор. - Двухцветный? - изумился Беккер. - Попробую отгадать… из-за прически.
surrounding death and dying and what funeral or burial rituals may be the different cultural or religious approaches to death and dying. http://www.cwa13301.org%20palliative%20care%cwa13301.org 3.
Беккер снова кивнул, вспомнив ночь, когда слушал гитару Пако де Лючии - фламенко под звездами в крепости XV века. Вот бы побывать здесь вместе со Сьюзан. - И, разумеется, Христофора Колумба? - просиял лейтенант.
Она опять оказалась в ловушке. Внезапно сзади ее обхватили и крепко сжали чьи-то руки. Их прикосновение было знакомым, но вызывало отвращение. Б нем не чувствовалось грубой силы Грега Хейла, скорее - жестокость отчаяния, внутренняя бездушная решительность. Сьюзан повернулась.
Единственная беда - Халохот глухой, с ним нельзя связаться по телефону. Недавно Стратмор сделал так, что Халохота снабдили новейшей игрушкой АНБ - компьютером Монокль.
Перед ней, исчезая где-то в темноте, убегали вдаль две желтые линии. Подземная шоссейная дорога… Сьюзан медленно шла по этому туннелю, то и дело хватаясь за стены, чтобы сохранить равновесие. Позади закрылась дверь лифта, и она осталась одна в пугающей темноте.
Контакты соединялись в определенной последовательности, которую компьютер затем расшифровывал и переводил на нормальный английский. Киллер щелкнул миниатюрным тумблером, и очки превратились в дисплей. Опустив руки, он незаметными быстрыми движениями соединял кончики пальцев.
Любопытным шпикам не придет в голову сесть на хвост преподавателю испанского языка.